Manish Chhowalla, Ph.D.
Professor and Associate Department Chair
Department of Materials Science and Engineering
Light refreshments will be served
NanoScience Technology Center
Date: Friday, January 17, 2014; 11:00am - 12:00pm
Cost: Free and open to the public
Location: Physical Science Building, Room 161
Heterogeneity and aperiodicity in materials is typically viewed as undesirable but recent developments have shown that disorder in materials can lead to interesting and unexpected effects and that disorder and defect engineering are fundamental pathways for tailoring material properties. Towards this end, we utilize chemically exfoliated two-dimensional materials as model systems to study disorder. Chemical exfoliation leads to highly modified materials that are structurally and chemically heterogeneous, unlike the structurally pristine material obtained by mechanical exfoliation or chemical vapor deposition. In this talk, I will describe the properties of chemically exfoliated graphene and how by tuning the atomic and chemical structures it is possible to tune its opto-electronic properties. I will also discuss how several different structural phases with disparate properties in transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD) nanosheets such as MoS2 and WS2are possible and how their concentrations can be controlled. I will also demonstrate metal-semiconductor transition in 2D materials by phase transformation and how the metallic phase of 2D TMDs can be used to improve their catalytic activity for making hydrogen.